Soulful Voices

{November 17, 2006}   Skin Care

4 Basic Skin Types: Do you know which type you have?

Normal – Skin neither greasy nor dry.
Oily – Skin shiny, often greasy feeling, prone to pimples and open pores.
Dry – Skin tight and stretched feeling, particularly after cleansing when flaky patches appear.
Combination Skin – T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) area is oily, but other areas (cheeks, neck) are normal to dry.

Your 4-Step Program to Perfect Skin

  1. Cleanse. Clean is nice but remember that too much cleansing will strip your skin’s essential oils. Be gentle! Too much rubbing and scrubbing will be bad for your skin in the long run.
  2. Tone. Toners are formulated to remove excess oil from your skin, as well as oily cleanser residue. It cannot replace a cleanser. The best routine? Use a cleanser (chosen according to your skin type) and follow up with toner in the oily areas.
  3. Moisturize. If your skin feels tight and dry ten minutes after washing your face, it’s best to use moisturizer. For those with combination skin, moisturize the areas that are not greasy (mostly your cheeks and neck.) Use a moisturizer that feels comfortable without being overly greasy.
  4. Exfoliate. This is necessary for removing the dead skin cells, and exposing glowing, flake-free skin. You can achieve this either by using a scrub (use a gentle one) or applying an AHA cream. Alpha hydroxyl acids dissolve the protein bond by which the dead skin cells hang on to. Exfoliate once a week—do it too much and your skin will turn red.

10 Things You Should Know About Your Skin

  1. The skin is the largest organ in the body (it weighs about 7% of your body weight). It provides protection for the internal organs and helps your body resist bacteria and infection.
  2. Skin has three layers: the epidermis (top layer), the dermis (middle layer), and the subcutaneous (the bottom layer).
  3. Skin helps regulate body temperature. When you feel hot, your skin perspires—the sweat cools you down. When you feel cold, blood supply to the extremities is restricted.
  4. Pale skin wrinkles faster than dark skin. Why? Dark skin has more surface lipids which seals the skin against moisture loss.
  5. Asian skin has low risk for skin cancer, but high risk for brown patches.
  6. UVA rays are primarily responsible for aging the skin. UVB rays burn the skin. Both rays are hazardous to the skin.
  7. Smoking ages the skin. It constricts blood flow to the vessels of the dermis, which means less oxygen and fewer nutrients come in, while the waste products are not efficiently carried out.
  8. A free radical (or a radical oxide) lacks a certain electron, and will attempt to steal one from whenever it can. The free radical tears apart healthy body cells, creating damage in the skin’s structure.
  9. Vitamin E fights free radicals by giving electrons to the free radical before they steal from the healthy cells.
  10. Vitamin C is very important for having healthy skin. The dermis uses Vitamin C to make collagen (the supportive mattress to the epidermis).

Source: FemaleNetwork


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